On the Origin of the Solar System

On the Origin of the Solar System Hannes Alfvén
  • Title: On the Origin of the Solar System
  • Author: Hannes Alfvén
  • ISBN: 9780837165950
  • Page: 389
  • Format: Hardcover
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    About Hannes Alfvén


    1. Hannes Olof G sta Alfv n Swedish al ve n 30 May 1908 2 April 1995 was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics MHD He described the class of MHD waves now known as Alfv n waves He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics and electrical engineering Alfv n made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the behavior of aurorae, the Van Allen radiation belts, the effect of magnetic storms on the Earth s magnetic field, the terrestrial magnetosphere, and the dynamics of plasmas in the Milky Way galaxy.Alfv n received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934 His thesis was titled Investigations of the Ultra short Electromagnetic Waves In 1934, Alfv n taught physics at both the University of Uppsala and the Nobel Institute for Physics later renamed the Manne Siegbahn Institute of Physics in Stockholm, Sweden In 1940, he became professor of electromagnetic theory and electrical measurements at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm In 1945, he acquired the nonappointive position of Chair of Electronics His title was changed to Chair of Plasma Physics in 1963 From 1954 to 1955, Alfv n was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Maryland, College Park In 1967, after leaving Sweden and spending time in the Soviet Union, he moved to the United States Alfv n worked in the departments of electrical engineering at both the University of California, San Diego and the University of Southern California.In 1991, Alfv n retired as professor of electrical engineering at the University of California, San Diego and professor of plasma physics at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm.Alfv n spent his later adult life alternating between California and Sweden He died at the age of 86.Alfv n had a good sense of humor, and he participated in a variety of social issues and worldwide disarmament movements He had a long standing distrust of computers Alfv n studied the history of science, oriental philosophy, and religion On his religious views, Alfven was an irreligious atheist and critical of religion He spoke Swedish, English, German, French, and Russian, and some Spanish and Chinese He expressed great concern about the difficulties of permanent high level radioactive waste management Alfv n was also interested in problems in cosmology and all aspects of auroral physics, and used Schr der s well known book on aurora, Das Ph nomen des Polarlichts Letters of Alfv n, Treder, and Schr der were published on the occasion of Treder s 70th birthday A long paper on changes in auroral theories was published by Wilfried Schr der in honor of Hannes Alfv n s 80th birthday in the German scientific journal Gerlands Beitr ge zur Geophysik in 1988 The relationships between Hans J rgen Treder, Hannes Alfv n and Wilfried Schr der were discussed in detail by Schr der in his publications.Alfv n was married for 67 years to his wife Kerstin They raised five children, one boy and four girls His son became a physician, while one daughter became a writer and another a lawyer in Sweden The composer Hugo Alfv n was Hannes Alfv n s uncle.More nobelprize nobel_prizefvenlab.kth hannesmlplasma universe Hannesgnow repository cosmolognytimes 1995 04 05 obi


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